Land In Peace is a Colombian-Dutch project in order to formalise and register land in post-conflict regions, thanks to an innovative, rapid and transparent methodology: Fit-For-Purpose.  

It’s a necessary project for rural development and foster financial inclusion.
— Andrés Valencia, Minister of Agriculture of Colombia
We want to help as the Netherlands and therefor we support this special project that is executed by the Dutch Kadaster, the Colombian Land Agency and the Dutch embassy.
— Mark Rutte, prime minister of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
 

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THE PEACE AGREEMENT

The Colombian peace agreement was signed in November 2016 and ended a long during armed conflict between the Colombian state and the guerrilla movement FARC. The principal point of the agreement is the integral rural reform.  

 

 
 
 
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CURRENT SITUATION

 

FORMALISATION OF RIGHTS

Marcial Hurtado

“Thanks to a land title I can get a loan from the bank to invest in mechanic herbicide. I have 3 hectares of land.”

Ingrid Villamil

17-years old Ingrid, waitress at the local restaurant in Vistahermosa, became a grassroots surveyor within a day. She is helping now the farmers in her municipality with the registering of their land.

Jaime Rojas

"I’ve been living here since long time, more or less 50 years. It is my dream to have the land property. I like to cultivate avocado and sapotes on my land. And flowers, lots of flowers."

 

Gabriel Ruiz

“After all the violence, and all our worries, help has finally arrived: people from the state, people from other countries, students from the university....
It looks like a dream, but it is reality.”

Hector Timoté

“We never want to leave our territory, unless a villager is currently claiming our land. He says it belongs to him, but this is our land.”

Doña Edita Socorro Gonzalez

“A land title gives me the opportunity for a dignified house."

HOW?

With a fast, simple and low-cost methodology for administering land: Fit For Purpose (FFP). The farmers themselves do much of the work: with a special app on smartphones or tablet they walk along the borders of their land to demarcate their plot. Also photos are made of documents (ID, tax bills, electricity bills), which relate the persons on this particular parcel to this land plot and are digitally combined with the GPS measurements of the polygons for a later communal Public Inspection. When farmers of the community mutually agree on the map they have made, land titling can be formalised.

 
 
 
 
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WHERE?

Two pilots regions have been started up now: one pilot in the Department of Antioquia (the ‘veredas’ – hamlet or small village – Los Manderinos, La Linda, El Tigre and and La Balsa, within the municipality of Apartadó), one in the Department of Meta (the veredas Termales and Costa Rica in the municipality of Vistahermosa). A third pilot region is currently explored in Cumaribo, Vichada.


San Jose de Apartadó

San Jose de Apartadó is a corregimiento (section) of the municipality Apartadó in the department of Antioquia, divided in 32 hamlets - villages (veredas) and inhabited by farmers producing different agricultural products like cacao, bananas, plantains and avocados. The municipality has been hit hard by violence resulting from the armed conflict. Still, there are drugs-related gangs active in the area.


Vistahermosa

Vistahermosa is a municipality in the southwest of the department of Meta. The municipality of ca. 11.000 inhabitants is divided in an urban centre and 75 so-called veredas, hamlets or small villages. The main focus of the pilot will be in the veredas Termales, Costa Rica and Piñalito; an estimated amount of 240 rural parcels are included.
Vistahermosa was heavily affected by the armed conflict; the guerrilla left a large number of landmines in the area, causing high risks for the rural population.


Cumaribo

Cumaribo is an enormous region in the department of Vichada. The territorial extension is 74.000 km2; for comparison, there are 121 countries worldwide smaller than this Colombian department. The indigenous people in reserve Santa Terecita del Tuparro form an important part of the population in the region. The main focus of the pilot will be in the vereda Tres Matas.

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COOPERATION

The positive achievements of the pre-pilots are the result of the effective cooperation in the field with all Colombian land institutions involved, such as the Land Agency ANT, Land Registry SNR, the Planning Agency DNP, the Cadastre Agency IGAC and the Cadastre of Antioquia, and furthermore local and national authorities. Very helpful is the work of professors and students of the Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, from Bogotá. Read the section 'Partners' for more information on the involved institutions.

 

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RESULTS

Based on these pilots, a fit- for-purpose contribution to the roll-out plan for Colombia will be formulated. The pilots lead to cadastral maps and, more important, to land titles whenever the legal framework and institutional cooperation allows for land regularization and adjudication.

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LONG TERM GOALS

The objective is that the collected data backed by the government, leads to cadastral maps and, more important, to land titles. These land titles give farmers legal certainty and a source of collateral, giving them access to credits and improving their access to public or private agricultural extension. This in turn will lead to increasing agricultural production in a sustainable manner.