Land In Peace is a Colombian-Dutch project in order to formalise and register land in post-conflict regions, thanks to an innovative, rapid and transparent methodology: Fit-For-Purpose.
FORMALISATION OF RIGHTS
With a fast, simple and low-cost methodology for administering land: Fit For Purpose (FFP). The farmers themselves do much of the work: with a special app on smartphones or tablet they walk along the borders of their land to demarcate their plot. Also photos are made of documents (ID, tax bills, electricity bills), which relate the persons on this particular parcel to this land plot and are digitally combined with the GPS measurements of the polygons for a later communal Public Inspection. When farmers of the community mutually agree on the map they have made, land titling can be formalised.
Two pilots regions have been started up now: one pilot in the Department of Antioquia (the ‘veredas’ – hamlet or small village – Los Manderinos, La Linda, El Tigre and and La Balsa, within the municipality of Apartadó), one in the Department of Meta (the veredas Termales and Costa Rica in the municipality of Vistahermosa). A third pilot region is currently explored in Cumaribo, Vichada.
San Jose de Apartadó
San Jose de Apartadó is a corregimiento (section) of the municipality Apartadó in the department of Antioquia, divided in 32 hamlets - villages (veredas) and inhabited by farmers producing different agricultural products like cacao, bananas, plantains and avocados. The municipality has been hit hard by violence resulting from the armed conflict. Still, there are drugs-related gangs active in the area.
Vistahermosa is a municipality in the southwest of the department of Meta. The municipality of ca. 11.000 inhabitants is divided in an urban centre and 75 so-called veredas, hamlets or small villages. The main focus of the pilot will be in the veredas Termales, Costa Rica and Piñalito; an estimated amount of 240 rural parcels are included.
Vistahermosa was heavily affected by the armed conflict; the guerrilla left a large number of landmines in the area, causing high risks for the rural population.
Cumaribo is a huge municipality in the department of Vichada. The territorial extension of this department is around 100.000 km2; for comparison, there are 121 countries worldwide smaller than Vichada. The indigenous people in reserve Santa Teresita del Tuparro form an important part of the population in the region. The main focus of the pilot will be in this reserve, as well as in the urban part of Cumaribo.
The positive achievements of the pre-pilots are the result of the effective cooperation in the field with all Colombian land institutions involved, such as the Land Agency ANT, Land Registry SNR, the Planning Agency DNP, the Cadastre Agency IGAC and the Cadastre of Antioquia, and furthermore local and national authorities. Very helpful is the work of professors and students of the Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas, from Bogotá. Read the section 'Partners' for more information on the involved institutions.
Based on these pilots, a fit- for-purpose contribution to the roll-out plan for Colombia will be formulated. The pilots lead to cadastral maps and, more important, to land titles whenever the legal framework and institutional cooperation allows for land regularization and adjudication.
LONG TERM GOALS
The objective is that the collected data backed by the government, leads to cadastral maps and, more important, to land titles. These land titles give farmers legal certainty and a source of collateral, giving them access to credits and improving their access to public or private agricultural extension. This in turn will lead to increasing agricultural production in a sustainable manner.